Bees Need Nutritious Sources of Pollen and Nectar

 

Bees eat two things, pollen (which provides proteins and fats) and nectar (the main source of energy for bees).  To assist honeybees in meeting these nutritional needs, you can help by choosing a variety of plants that flower at different times of the season. Native plants and heirloom varieties are best. Colours are important too. Bees are attracted to blue, purple, violet, white and yellow.  When planting flowers, plant a single species in larger clumps so bees have an adequate source to access.

 

Below you will find a list of trees, shrubs, native flowering perennials and herbs that you can plant to attract bees to your garden. Most are native to Ontario.  We have broken them down by season, so you know when the nectar and pollen they produce is most available to honeybees and other native foragers.

Spring

 

Trees and Shrubs

 

Sugar Maple, Red Maple, Willow, Apple, Crab Apple, Hawthorn, Black Cherry, Choke Cherry, Honeysuckle, Mock Orange, Deutzia, Amur Privet

 

Plants and Herbs

 

Crocus, Primrose, Dandelion (main source in spring), Coltsfoot, Birdsfoot Trefoil

 

 

Mid Season

 

Trees and Shrubs

 

Black locust, Clammy Locust, Beauty Bush, Snowberry, Staghorn Sumac, Basswood, Large Leaf Linden, Elderberry, False Spirea

 

Plants and Herb

 

Meadowsweet, Red Clover, White Clover, Alfalfa,  False Geranium, Common Vetch, Jewelweed, Common Milkweed, Blue Vervain, Joe-Pye Weed, Goldenrod, Common Sunflower, Purple Coneflower, Evening Primrose, Bull Thistle, False Indigo, Blackberry, Raspberry, Cat Mint, Cat Nip, Chives, Hyssop, Lavender, Yarrow, Bee Balm, Borage, Sage, Comfry, Mint, Thyme

 

 

Fall

 

Water Sources

 

There are few sources of nectar from trees or shrubs in the fall, The main nectar and pollen sources come from plants and herbs at this time of year.   At any point in the season, bees need a good source of water. You can help by using a shallow bowl or dish to which you will add small rocks and water. The rocks will act as a landing area in which to access the water source so leave the tops of the rocks above the water line. Place the water source at  ground level. Refresh the water daily.

 

Plants and Herbs

 

Cosmos, Goldenrod, Jewelweed, Aster, Common Sunflower, Purple Coneflower, Lavender,

Cornflower, Borage,Pumpkin, Squash, Bee Balm, Sedum, Cosmos

 

KISS MY BEES HONEY

 

15 Firner Street
Mitchell Corners
Ontario, L0B 1J0
t.  905-728-9419

e. kissmybeeshoney@gmail.com